Sue Walker

Sue Walker

Guest Blogger at See Full Details
Sue is a Registered Nurse and holds a Masters Degree in Primary Health Care majoring in Palliative Care. Sue has extensive experience both as a clinician, educator, and senior manager in the aged care, mental health, and palliative care settings.
Sue Walker

Latest posts by Sue Walker

Claiming CPD Relevance

You can claim the reading and reflection of this post as a CPD activity if it is relevant to your current role. Approximate time allocation for this post is 20 minutes. Don’t forget to download the Self Directed CPD Activity Certificate Template by subscribing to the Nursing News Blog. Don’t forget to download the Self Directed CPD Activity Certificate Template by subscribing to the Nursing News Blog. Click here to subscribe>> 

Vitiligo

“Vitiligo is a relatively common, acquired loss of pigmentation of the skin affecting 1% to 2% of the population. Destruction of melanocytes or pigment cells occurs and the skin becomes white. The most common sites of pigment loss are body folds (like the groin or armpits ), around body openings and exposed areas like the face or hands. It can develop at sites of injury: cuts, scrapes and burns. Vitiligo can begin at any age, but in half of all affected patients, its onset is noted before the age of 20.”

Vitiligo is associated with a number of autoimmune conditions – most notably diabetes and thyroid disease. The cause of the condition is unknown but is associated with previously mentioned autoimmune conditions, skin trauma, anxiety and stress, and there may be a genetic link.

Vitiligo appears as asymptomatic white lesions on the skin with well-defined edges. These lesions may remain localised or may spread around the body. The hair within the affected area may be white and the patient may experience early greying of hair on the scalp, eyebrows, eyelashes, and face.

Treatment options depend on the emotional effect the condition has on the individual. Camouflage can be achieved through the application of makeup or cosmetic tattoo. Medical treatment consists of “topical corticosteroids, light therapy with photosensitising psoralen drugs applied topically or given systemically in conjunction with sunlight exposure or UVA phototherapy (PUVA ), narrow-band UVB phototherapy, and other topical agents-calcipotriol, pimecrolimus and tacrolimus.” Surgical grafting of skin from unaffected areas can also be tried as can laser application to the area.

For more information regarding Vitiligo visit the Vitiligo Association of Australia>>