The 17th of May is World Hypertension Day
According to the International Society of Hypertension:
“Hypertension is very common indeed and hence a major public health issue. The prevalence is expected to increase considerably in the coming years. In 2000, the estimated number of adults living with high blood pressure globally was 972 million. This is expected to increase to 1.56 billion by 2025! Lifestyle factors, such as physical inactivity, a salt-rich diet with high processed and fatty foods, and alcohol and tobacco use, are reasons for this increased disease burden, which is spreading at an alarming rate from developed countries to emerging economies, such as India, China and African countries.”
The following statistics are of great concern:
- Approximately 4 in 10 adults over age 25 have hypertension and in many countries another 1 in 5 have prehypertension.
- An estimated 9/10 adults living to 80 years of age will develop hypertension.
- One half of blood pressure related disease occurs in people with higher levels of blood pressure even within the normal range.
- Heart disease and stroke occur in younger people in economically developing countries.
- An unhealthy diet is estimated to be related to about half of hypertension statistics – about 30% related to increased salt consumption, and about 20% related to low dietary potassium (low fruit and vegetables).
- The other 50% relates to Physical inactivity about 20% of hypertension and Obesity to about 30% of hypertension.
- An estimated 10% of the health care spending is directly related to increased blood pressure and its complications.
A large number of people who have hypertension are unaware of same – so health care providers are in a fabulous position to impact on the management of hypertension by simply taking a clients BP when they present to your service as a baseline observation. Treatment options should be considered with a systolic higher than 140 and a diastolic higher than 90. Always take the opportunity to educate clients in regards to healthy lifestyle options to prevent hypertension occurring.
This is a fabulous video to assist with client education:
More information and other videos can be found at the International Society of Hypertension website click here>>